Types of Health Insurance: Meaning & Types

Types of Health Insurance

Types of Health Insurance: Health insurance is like a protective shield for your health expenses. It helps you pay for your medical needs without worrying too much about money.

Now, let’s talk about different kinds of health insurance plans.

There are various types, each serving different needs. Some cover a lot, while others focus on specific things.

This blog will help you understand these different types of health insurance easily.

Whether you’re new to this or just want to know more, we’ll keep it simple so everyone can understand. Let’s explore together!

Different Types of Health Insurance Policies in India

WhatsApp Group Join Now
Telegram Group Join Now

Refer to the following table for the popular types of health insurance in India.

S. No.Types of Health Insurance PoliciesSuitable for
1Individual Health Insurance PlanSingle/individual person
2Family Floater Health Insurance PlanFamily, including spouse, children, and parents
3Senior Citizen Health Insurance PlanPeople above 65 years of age
4Critical Illness Insurance PlanFinancial protection against expensive treatment for critical illness
5Group Health Insurance PlanGroup of people, such as a company’s employees
6Top-up Health Insurance PlanThose looking for additional medical coverage up to a certain amount
7Personal Accident CoverThose looking to insure partial/total disability and death due to an accident
8Maternity Health Insurance PlanCovering expenses incurred in the prenatal stage, delivery, and post-natal stage
9Mediclaim Insurance PlanIn-patient expenses
10Disease-specific (Corona Kavach, etc.)Those seeking coverage for a specific health condition
11Hospital Daily CashDaily cash to manage expenses as long as the insured is hospitalized
12Unit Linked Insurance PlanInsurance and investment benefits both together
Types of Health Insurance in india
Types of Health Insurance in India

👉 Must Read: List of Best Health Insurance Companies

Individual Health Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Individual Health Insurance Plans are crafted for one person, ensuring personalized coverage and financial protection.

This type of insurance focuses on the well-being of an individual, offering security against unforeseen medical expenses.

Key Features:

  1. Personalized Coverage: Tailored to the health needs of an individual policyholder.
  2. Financial Protection: Provides a safety net for medical expenses, offering peace of mind.
  3. Flexibility: Allows customization of coverage based on personal health requirements.
  4. Direct Premium Payment: Policyholder pays the premium for their exclusive coverage.
  5. Independence: Coverage is not dependent on others, providing autonomy in healthcare decisions.

Family Floater Health Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Family Floater Health Insurance Plans cater to entire families, simplifying healthcare coverage.

This insurance type ensures that the health needs of spouses, children, and parents are collectively addressed under a single policy.

Key Features:

  1. Comprehensive Family Coverage: Offers a shared coverage limit for all family members.
  2. Single Premium Payment: Simplifies administration with a unified premium payment.
  3. Cost-Effective: Often more economical than individual plans for each family member.
  4. Ease of Management: Streamlines the process with a single policy for the entire family.
  5. Flexibility in Family Structure: Can cover various family compositions.

Senior Citizen Health Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Tailored for individuals aged 65 and above, Senior Citizen Health Insurance Plans address the unique health challenges associated with aging.

These plans are designed to provide comprehensive coverage for health needs specific to seniors.

Key Features:

  1. Age-Specific Coverage: Addresses health concerns prevalent in older age groups.
  2. Medical Expense Coverage: Provides financial protection for senior-related medical expenses.
  3. Pre-existing Condition Coverage: Often covers pre-existing conditions relevant to seniors.
  4. Renewability: Ensures continuity of coverage for as long as needed.
  5. Specialized Care: May include benefits such as regular health check-ups and preventive care.

Critical Illness Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Critical Illness Insurance Plans offer financial protection against the high costs associated with life-threatening conditions.

These plans provide a lump sum amount upon diagnosis of specified critical illnesses, aiding in covering medical and living expenses.

Key Features:

  1. Lump Sum Payout: Pays a one-time sum upon diagnosis of a critical illness.
  2. Specific Illness Coverage: Targets major life-threatening conditions like cancer and heart attack.
  3. Financial Security: Offers a financial cushion during challenging times.
  4. Flexibility in Usage: The payout can be used for medical treatment or non-medical needs.
  5. Peace of Mind: Assures policyholders that they have financial support during critical health situations.

Group Health Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Group Health Insurance Plans are designed for collective coverage, often provided as an employee benefit in companies.

These plans ensure that a group of individuals, such as employees, receives health coverage under a single policy.

Key Features:

  1. Collective Coverage: Extends insurance protection to a group of individuals.
  2. Employer-Sponsored: Often offered as part of employee benefits by companies.
  3. Uniform Premiums: Premium costs are distributed among group members.
  4. Customizable Options: May allow customization based on the group’s specific needs.
  5. Employee Well-being: Enhances employee satisfaction and well-being.

👉 Must Read: How To Choose Cheap Health Insurance

Top-up Health Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Top-up Health Insurance Plans offer additional coverage beyond the basic health insurance plan.

These plans activate once the basic coverage limit is exhausted, providing a cost-effective way to enhance overall coverage.

Key Features:

  1. Additional Coverage: Supplements existing health insurance for extended protection.
  2. Cost-Effective: Affordable way to increase coverage without changing the primary policy.
  3. High Deductibles: Requires a higher initial out-of-pocket expense before activation.
  4. Flexible Options: Can be customized based on individual or family needs.
  5. Financial Safeguard: Ensures financial support in case of major medical expenses.

Personal Accident Cover:

Introduction: Personal Accident Cover is designed to protect against the financial impact of accidents leading to disability or death.

This coverage includes medical expenses and provides compensation for disability or loss of life due to accidents.

Key Features:

  1. Accident-related Coverage: Addresses financial consequences of accidents.
  2. Medical Expense Reimbursement: Covers costs associated with accident-related injuries.
  3. Disability Compensation: Provides financial support for partial or total disability.
  4. Life Coverage: Offers a lump sum amount to beneficiaries in the event of the insured’s death.
  5. Add-on Option: Can be added to regular health insurance for comprehensive coverage.

Maternity Health Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Maternity Health Insurance Plans are specifically designed for expecting mothers, covering expenses related to prenatal, delivery, and post-natal care.

These plans provide essential financial support during the maternity period.

Key Features:

  1. Prenatal and Post-natal Coverage: Addresses medical expenses throughout the maternity journey.
  2. Delivery Expenses: Covers costs related to childbirth, including hospitalization.
  3. Newborn Coverage: Some plans extend coverage to the newborn for a certain period.
  4. Customizable Options: Can be tailored based on specific maternity needs.
  5. Financial Aid for Families: Eases the financial burden associated with childbirth.

Mediclaim Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Mediclaim Insurance Plans focus on covering in-patient hospitalization expenses.

These plans are designed to ensure that policyholders receive financial assistance during their hospital stays, covering a range of medical expenses.

Key Features:

  1. Hospitalization Coverage: Addresses in-patient medical expenses during hospital stays.
  2. Pre and Post-Hospitalization Benefits: Extends coverage to expenses before and after hospitalization.
  3. Cashless Facility: Allows policyholders to avail medical services without upfront payment.
  4. Network Hospitals: Offers a list of affiliated hospitals for convenient treatment.
  5. Reimbursement Option: Allows reimbursement for expenses in non-network hospitals.

👉 Must Read: Best Short Term Health Insurance Plan

Disease-specific (Corona Kavach, etc.):

Introduction: Disease-specific insurance plans, such as Corona Kavach, are designed to provide coverage for a particular health condition.

These plans offer targeted protection and financial support for the treatment of specific diseases, in the case of Corona Kavach, for COVID-19.

Key Features:

  1. Specific Disease Coverage: Tailored for the treatment of a particular health condition (e.g., COVID-19).
  2. Testing and Treatment Coverage: Covers expenses related to testing and treatment of the specified disease.
  3. Quarantine Expenses: May include coverage for quarantine-related costs.
  4. Focused Financial Support: Provides dedicated support for the chosen health condition.
  5. Timely Coverage Activation: Ensures immediate coverage for disease-specific needs.

Hospital Daily Cash:

Introduction: Hospital Daily Cash plans provide a daily allowance to policyholders during their hospitalization.

This type of insurance ensures that individuals have financial support to manage additional expenses while they are receiving medical treatment.

Key Features:

  1. Daily Cash Allowance: Offers a fixed amount for each day spent in the hospital.
  2. Non-Medical Expense Coverage: Helps manage costs like transportation, meals, etc.
  3. Flexible Usage: The cash allowance can be used as needed by the policyholder.
  4. No Bills Required: Unlike reimbursement plans, daily cash plans do not require submitting bills.
  5. Extended Hospital Stays: Provides continuous financial support for as long as the insured is hospitalized.

Unit Linked Insurance Plan:

Introduction: Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) merge insurance and investment benefits.

These plans allow policyholders to invest in market-linked funds while providing insurance coverage, offering a dual advantage of wealth creation and protection.

Key Features:

  1. Insurance and Investment Combo: Integrates life insurance coverage with investment opportunities.
  2. Market-Linked Returns: Returns are linked to the performance of investment funds.
  3. Flexibility in Investment: Policyholders can choose investment options based on risk tolerance.
  4. Switching Options: Allows policyholders to switch between investment funds as per market conditions.
  5. Wealth Creation: Provides an avenue for building wealth over the long term.

👉 Must Read: What is the Health Insurance Marketplace


In conclusion, the diverse array of health insurance plans caters to individual needs, offering financial protection and peace of mind.

From personalized coverage in Individual Health Insurance to collective security in Group Health Insurance, each plan addresses specific health concerns.

Whether safeguarding against critical illnesses, providing maternity support, or combining insurance with investment in ULIPs, these plans aim to make healthcare accessible and manageable.

Choose wisely based on your unique requirements to ensure comprehensive coverage and a secure health future.

Leave a Comment